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Freezing Point Depression AP Chemistry

Freezing Point Depression

Molecular Mass is a parameter, which is useful in determining the identity of an unknown compound. One technique to determine the molecular mass of an unknown is to measure the effect the compound has on the freezing point of a solvent in which the unknown is dissolved. The freezing point of a solution is a colligative property. That is, it is a property which varies based on the number of particles (solute) dissolved in the solvent and not on the chemical makeup of the particles themselves. Other colligative properties, which also can be used to determine molecular mass, are osmotic pressure, vapor pressure and boiling point.

The nonpolar solvent 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol has a freezing point of approximately 70°C. A quantity of para-dichlorobenzene will be dissolved in the solvent and the effect on the freezing point determined. The freezing point depression constant will be calculated for the solvent. The experiment will be repeated with each of two unknowns and the molecular weight of the unknowns will be determined from the freezing point depression.

Kit Includes:

  • Di-Tert-Butyl-4-Methylphenol Crystals - 25 g x 2 Bottles
  • p-Dichlorobenzene Crystals - 25 g x 1 Bottle
  • Stearic Acid Flakes - 25 g x 1 Bottle
  • Naphthalene Flakes UN1334 - 25g x 1 Bottle
Materials needed but not supplied:

  • (# 4125-1) Melting Point Apparatus - 1 pc
  • Capillary Tubes - 60 pcs
  • (# 6131-1) Beaker 50 ml - 15 pcs
  • (#3981-12) Glass Stirring Rods - 15 pcs
  • (# 3071-30) Hot Plate - 1 pc
  • Analytical Balance
  • (# 788-52) Thermometers - 15 pcs
Please note that the pictures below may show items not included in this kit, the pictures are there to show kit functionality. Please refer to the product details above for more information on the contents of this kit.

DOT: Small quantity exemption 173.4. This package conforms to 49 CFR 173.4 for domestic highway or rail transport only

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Catalog # IS8014
Shipping Weight 8.00 lbs
Our price: $40.70